In the 1930s, the criminology course started in Norway. It was then the lawyer who asked a criminologist about scientific data (Høigård, 2007, s 23).
Criminology in Norway developed into Type Folk Research in the 1940s. Authorities asked the criminologists about problems with young prisoners that was released, then arrived back at prison after some time. Criminologists looked at the causes of questionnaires and found that "he young people do not own inhibitions". An appropriate penalty was then a working school (Høigård, 2007, s 23).
The causes of deviation and crime were investigated.
Type-people research considers offenders as qualitatively different from law-abiding citizens. The researcher looked for the characteristics of the offenders.
Today, the focus is on analyzing the control system instead of the offender.
Høigård, C. (2007) Hva er kriminlologi? I L. Finstad & C. Høigård (Red.), Kriminlologi (s. 13-29). Oslo: Pax.